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无效建设工程施工合同的认定及法律后果

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无效建设工程施工合同的认定及法律后果

2017-01-27 00:00:00

genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguohetongfa》dierbailiushijiutiaozhiguiding:“jianshegongchenghetongshichengbaorenjinxinggongchengjianshe,fabaorenzhifujiakuandehetong。jianshegongchenghetongbaokuogongchengkancha、sheji、shigonghetong。”jianshegongchengshigonghetongshigongchengjianshezhongfabaorenyuchengbaorenzhijianfalvguanxidejichu,yingyatiyugongchenggongqi、zhiliang、fukuan、suopeidengshixiangbixuzaihetongzhongyuyimingque。

hetonghefayouxiao,gongchengjianshefangkeyouxutuijin,hetongshuangfangcainengzuidaxiandudadaoliyiyuqi。ruohetongxiaolicunzaixiacishenzhiwuxiao,zehetongshuangfangliyigongsun,xiangguanzerenzhutiyemianlinfalvdezhicai。yinci,zaijianshegongchengshigonghetongdeqiandingjilvyuezhong,zuoweishigongdanwei,bixushuzhihetongwuxiaodeqingxing,jinjihetongwuxiaodefalvhouguo,jinliangdujueqianding、lvxingwuxiaohetong。

一、建设工程施工合同的无效情形

yiju《zuigaorenminfayuanyingyatiyushenlijianshegongchengshigonghetongjiufenanjianshiyongfalvwentidejieshi》(yixiajianchengwei《jieshi》)deguiding,yousizhongqingkuangkenengdaozhijianzhugongchengshigonghetongwuxiao。

(一)承包人未取得建筑施工企业资质或者超越资质等级的建设工程施工合同无效。

genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguojianzhufa》、《jianshegongchengzhiliangguanlitiaoli》dengfalvfaguideguiding,jianzhuyeqiyezizhifenweishigongzongchengbao、zhuanyechengbaohelaowufenbaosangexulie。shigongzongchengbaozizhi、zhuanyechengbaozizhi、laowufenbaozizhixulieanzhaogongchengxingzhihejishutedianfenbiehuafenweiruoganzizhileibie。gezizhileibieanzhaoguidingdetiaojianhuafenweiruoganzizhidengji。qudeshigongzongchengbaozizhideqiye,keyichengjieshigongzongchengbaogongcheng,keyiquanbuzixingshigong,yekeyijiangzhuanyegongchenghuolaowuzuoyeyifafenbaojijuyouxiangyingzizhidezhuanyechengbaoqiyehuolaowufenbaoqiye。qudezhuanyechengbaozizhideqiye,keyichengjieshigongzongchengbaoqiyefenbaodezhuanyegongchenghuojianshedanweiyifafabaodezhuanyegongcheng,keyiquanbuzixingshigong,yekeyijianglaowuzuoyeyifafenbaojijuyouxiangyingzizhidelaowufenbaoqiye。qudelaowufenbaozizhideqiye,keyichengjieshigongzongchengbaoqiyehuozhuanyechengbaoqiyefenbaodelaowuzuoye。chengbaorenweiqudeyishangxiangyingzizhihuozhechaoyuezizhidengjidejianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao。

(二)没有资质的实际施工人使用有资质的建筑施工企业名义承揽工程的合同无效。

genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguojianzhufa》diershiliutiaoguiding,chengbaojianzhugongchengdedanweiyingdangchiyouyifaqudedezizhizhengshu,bingzaiqizizhidengjixukedeyewufanweineichenglangongcheng。jinzhijianzhushigongqiyechaoyuebenqiyezizhidengjixukedeyewufanweihuozheyirenhexingshiyongqitajianzhushigongqiyedemingyichenglangongcheng。jinzhijianzhushigongqiyeyirenhexingshiyunxuqitadanweihuozhegerenshiyongbenqiyedezizhizhengshu、yingyezhizhao,yibenqiyedemingyichenglangongcheng。《jieshi》yemingqueguiding,meiyouzizhideshijishigongrenjieyongyouzizhidejianzhushigongqiyemingyide,suoqianshudejianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao。

(三)建设工程必须进行招标而未招标或者中标无效的合同无效。

genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguozhaobiaotoubiaofa》guiding,zaizhonghuarenmingongheguojingneijinxingxialiegongchengjianshexiangmudekancha、sheji、shigong、jianliyijiyugongchengjiansheyouguandezhongyaoshebei、cailiaodengdecaigou,bixujinxingzhaobiao:1.daxingjichusheshi、gongyongshiyedengguanxishehuigonggongliyi、gongzhonganquandexiangmu;2.quanbuhuozhebufenshiyongguoyouzijintouzihuozheguojiarongzidexiangmu;3.shiyongguojizuzhihuozhewaiguozhengfudaikuan、yuanzhuzijindexiangmu。genju《jieshi》deguiding,jianshegongchengruguobixujinxingzhaobiaoerchuxianzhongbiaowuxiaodeqingkuangde,suoqianshudejianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao。fanshigenjushangshuguiding,bixujinxingzhaobiaoerweizhaobiaodejianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao。

(四)承包人违法转包、违法分包建设工程的合同无效。

genju《jianshegongchengzhiliangguanlitiaoli》deguiding,weifafenbao,shizhixialiexingwei:1.zongchengbaodanweijiangjianshegongchengfenbaojibujubeixiangyingzizhitiaojiandedanweide;2.jianshegongchengzongchengbaohetongzhongweiyouyueding,youweijingjianshedanweirenke,chengbaodanweijiangqichengbaodebufenjianshegongchengjiaoyouqitadanweiwanchengde;3.shigongzongchengbaodanweijiangjianshegongchengzhutijiegoudeshigongfenbaojiqitadanweide;4.fenbaodanweijiangqichengbaodejianshegongchengzaifenbaode。zhuanbaoshizhichengbaodanweichengbaojianshegongchenghou,bulvxinghetongyuedingdezerenheyiwu,jiangqichengbaodequanbujianshegongchengzhuanjitarenhuozhejiangqichengbaodequanbujianshegongchengzhijieyihouyifenbaodemingyifenbiezhuanjiqitadanweichengbaodexingwei。《jieshi》guiding“fanshichengbaorenfeifazhuanbao、weifafenbaojianshegongchengdejianshegongchengshigonghetong,yilvwuxiao。erqiehaiyaozhuijiufalvzeren,renminfayuankeyigenju《minfatongze》diyibaisanshisitiaoguiding,shoujiaodangshirenyijingqudedefeifasuode。”

二、建设工程施工合同无效的法律后果

(一)参照合同约定支付工程价款。

genju《jieshi》guiding,jianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao,danjianshegongchengjingjungongyanshouhege,chengbaorenqingqiucanzhaohetongyuedingzhifugongchengjiakuande,yingyuzhichi。zhidezhuyideshi,“jinzhaohetongyuedingzhifugongchengjiakuan”,yi“zhejiabuchang”defangshichuli,juefeijiangwuxiaohetonghefahua。

(二)承包人承担修复费用。

genju《jieshi》guiding,ruguojianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao,qiejianshegongchengjingjungongyanshoubuhege,danxiufuhoudejianshegongchengjingjungongyanshouhegede,fabaorenqingqiuchengbaorenchengdanxiufufeiyongde,fayuanyibanhuiyuzhichi。

(三)不予支付工程款。

genju《jieshi》guiding,ruguojianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiao,xiufuhoudejianshegongchengjingjungongyanshoubuhege,chengbaorenqingqiuzhifugongchengjiakuande,buyuzhichi。

(四)收缴当事人已经取得的非法所得。

genju《jieshi》guiding,zaichengbaorenfeifazhuanbao、weifafenbaojianshegongchenghuozhemeiyouzizhideshijishigongrenjieyongyouzizhidejianzhushigongqiyemingyiyutarenqiandingjianshegongchengshigonghetong,daozhijianshegongchengshigonghetongwuxiaode,renminfayuankeyigenju《minfatongze》diyibaisanshisitiaoguiding,shoujiaodangshirenyijingqudedefeifasuode(changjiandeweifasuodeweiguanlifei)。

(五)承担行政处罚的法律责任。

genjuzhufanghechengxiangjianshebu《jianzhugongchengshigongzhuanbaoweifafenbaodengweifaxingweirendingchachuguanlibanfa》dishisantiao:xianjiyishangrenminzhengfuzhufangchengxiangjianshezhuguanbumenyaojiadazhifalidu,duizaishishijianzhushichangheshigongxianchangjianduguanlidenggongzuozhongfaxiandeweifafabao、zhuanbao、weifafenbaojiguakaodengweifaxingwei,yingdangyifajinxingdiaocha,anzhaobenbanfajinxingrending,bingyifayuyixingzhengchufa。

(六)影响企业信用,影响招投标。

genjuzhufanghechengxiangjianshebu《jianzhugongchengshigongzhuanbaoweifafenbaodengweifaxingweirendingchachuguanlibanfa》dishiwutiao:xianjiyishangrenminzhengfuzhufangchengxiangjianshezhuguanbumenyingjiangchachudeweifafabao、zhuanbao、weifafenbao、guakaodengweifaxingweihechufajieguojirudanweihuogerenxinyongdangan,tongshixiangshehuigongshi,bingzhujishangbaozhizhufangchengxiangjianshebu,zaiquanguojianzhushichangjianguanyuchengxinxinxifabupingtaigongshi。


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